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On the Frontlines of a Warming World, 925 Million Undernourished People

Because of global warming and trends in population, dramatic movements in the food economy are likely here to stay

By Stacy Feldman

Jan 18, 2011

The rapid surge in staple food prices in 2008 that sparked global riots and sent millions into poverty is back. Now, researchers say that because of global warming and trends in population, these dramatic price movements in the food economy are likely here to stay.

The influential , based in Washington, D.C.,  gave warning last week that if current trends continue, extraordinary weather events like last year's Russian heatwave that wiped out 40 percent of the nation's wheat crop will recur more frequently, with effects felt everywhere and especially in the world's poorest regions.

"The frontlines of this crisis are occupied by the world's 925 million undernourished people," the group said in its annual report.

Every year since 1984, the institute has catalogued current environmental problems across the world; this is the first annual volume dedicated to food and agriculture.

Authors of the 270-page report say the second spike in world food prices in just two years is a "harsh reminder of the vulnerability of a world food system" amid "an increasingly unstable world climate." The drought in Russia rapidly boosted food prices by one third, with ripple effects that have spread across the entire food market.

The report's focus on food instability and global warming reflects what many environmental analysts have been working to do: making visible the link between increases in man-made greenhouse gases and cuts in world farm output.

Lester Brown, founder of both the Worldwatch Institute and the (EPI), where he currently serves as president, says he is certain that climate change-induced droughts, water shortages and flooding from heavy rains pose urgent danger to global food security.

The 76-year-old pioneer of American environmentalism and sustainable development has authored or co-authored over 50 books in his decades-long career — many of which warn about the risks of the overconsumption of natural resources. His latest work, "World on the Edge," details a planet teetering on the brink of "politically destabilizing food price rises."

The world is creating a "food bubble," he says, which could theoretically burst "at any time now."

"The new reality is that the world is only one poor harvest away from chaos," Brown told reporters on a conference call to launch his new book. If a heatwave on par with Russia's struck the U.S. — the world's largest grain exporter by far — it would trigger "chaos in world grain markets," he said.

Need to 'Stabilize Climate,' Not Chase Techno-Fixes

Something fundamental is affecting world supply of cereals, Brown continued, adding that "we need to be thinking about how to stabilize climate."

Nearly every year in the past century has been hotter than the year before as carbon dioxide levels increased. National science agencies from the U.S., Canada, the UK and India announced in recent days that 2010 tied with 2005 the warmest year ever recorded since records began in the late 19th century.

Between 2006 and 2008, wheat prices shot up by about 135 percent and corn by 125 percent, with knock-on effects on soybeans, rice and other basic foodstuffs, in part due to crop shortfalls from extreme weather events.

Now, the world is back again to record-high food prices. The (FAO) announced recently that its food price index jumped 32 percent in the second half of 2010, the highest ever recorded.

Of course, sudden grain price hikes are not new. Single weather events have caused crop failures many times during the last 50 years, sending prices soaring until they boomeranged back, usually within a year.

But today's "agflation" looks different to many observers.

"There is no norm to go back to," said Brown. "The world's climate is in the process of change." What we are seeing now, he said, are "trend-driven rises" not "event driven" ones.

It is the La Nina

It’s the La Nina... just like it was the La Nina in 2008, 1999, etc.   They have been warning about the food shortage because of the La Nina since last summer


[Sept.8, 2010]

Food shortage looms as La Nina returns to stunt growth


Reuters News Service, 9 November 1999

La Nina brings food crisis to Horn of Africa , Reuters News Service, 9 November 1999

It was also the cause of the food shortages in the early 1970s.

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